Country Report 2012

Name of Member organization

Icelandic orthodontic society

When established + short historic overview

Founded 1st of March 1980

Number of active members November 1st,2012


  Updated JuneĀ 2013

President 2012-2013

  • Kristin Heimisdottir
  • Haaleitisbraut 1
  • 105 Reykjavik
  • Phone: +354 534 3221
  • Email:

Secretary 2012-2013

  • Gisli Vilhjalmsson
  • Laugavegi 163
  • 105 Reykjavik
  • Phone: +354 562 9944
  • Email:

Treasurer 2012-2013

When was orthodontics recognized as a dental specialty


What is the competent authority for specialists registration

After a recognized post-graduate program of at least 30 months (excluding holidays etc) has been finished with a diploma, the applicant can apply for a specialists title to the local authorities. The applicant must have treated and documented 10 cases after finishing the post-graduate program (cases from the program will not be accepted) and a research project is also mandatory. A committee consisting of professionals from the University of Iceland (president of committee), the Dental Association and the Ministry of Health evaluate the cases and the research projects with help from specialists in this field of dentistry.

What is the outline of the national specialists training program (as required by the competent authority)

Since we do not have a post-graduate program in Iceland (this is not possible with our small population) orthodontist seek their training to Europe and USA. The minimal requirements are 30 months of postgraduate training at a recognized University. It is also mandatory to have one year of clinical experience in general dentistry.

Is continuous education (CE) mandatory; If so, how organized

The continuous education is organized by the Icelandic dental association by rewarding every dentist which attends courses of more than 50 hours per 2 years with a special mark (VEIT) which can be used officially to show activity in seeking knowledge. This has to be confirmed by giving certificates or diplomas to prove attendance.

What is the organization of the delivery of orthodontic care

Orthodontists in private practice in Iceland perform all orthodontic treatment and only orthodontists can apply for a stipend for the patients. All individuals in the need of orthodontic treatment under the age of 18, treated with fixed appliances in one or both jaws get a stipend of app. 800 Euros, which is 25-30% of the total treatment cost. Some exceptions are for cleft lips and palate patients as well as surgery patients, but these account for only 1-2% of the total patient pool. Orthodontics is only performed by educated orthodontists. No general dentists perform orthodontic treatment in Iceland. This has always been like that and is generally well accepted by patients.

Any further information regarding the position of orthodontics in the country

The government posed a regulation, forcing orthodontists to give an offer for every case treated. The orthodontists in Iceland did not send any applications in for their patients for almost two months. The directorate of Health gave certain support. The authorities realized that the patients were not accepting this and another regulation was set at the end of February. This allowed payment for 95% of the treatment for cleft lip and palate patients, surgery patients as well as patients with congenitally missing teeth of 4 or more. For the time being, Icelandic orthodontic patients have a refund of 800 Euros per normal orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances in upper and lower jaw. However, the more severe cases have 95% reimbursement of the total treatment cost, regardless of orthodontistā€™s prices. This has caused some confusion, but together, we are working on guidelines for the insurance companies.