Country Report 2018

Name of Member organization

The Orthodontic Section of the Finnish Dental Society Apollonia

When established + short historic overview

The Orthodontic Section was established in 1960 as the first odontological specialist organization in Finland. It has been an active member of the EFOSA since 1999. The annual program of the Orthodontic Section includes three general meetings, research grant awards, lectures, seminars and the recognition of a highly appreciated colleague. The Orthodontic Section also gives expert opinions in issues regarding orthodontics for the governmental authorities or other organizations. As a division of the Finnish Dental Society Apollonia, the Orthodontic Section also has nonspecialized dentists as members.

Number of active members Jan 2018

Number of orthodontists 135
Number of non–specialized members 95

  Updated June 2018

President 2018-2019

Secretary 2018-2019

Treasurer 2018-2019

When was orthodontics recognized as a dental specialty


What is the competent authority for specialists registration

The National Authority for Medicolegal Affairs

What is the outline of the national specialists training program (as required by the competent authority)

A three-year full-time education including training both in the municipal health center and dental clinic of the hospital are required. Also one must pass the national final examination organized by the Universities of Helsinki, Oulu, Turku and Kuopio.

Is continuous education (CE) mandatory; If so, how organized

Continuous education is recommended by the authorities, but it is not mandatory with the exception of some courses in radiology. Orthodontists are active in participating courses.

What is the organization of the delivery of orthodontic care

The governmental authorities guide the delivery of the orthodontic services by recommendations; severe malocclusions are treated in the municipal health centers, where a 10-grade scale by Heikinheimo is largely used in the assessment of the treatment need. The malocclusions that are graded as in the need of special health care (such as craniofacial malformations and surgical patients) are treated in the dental clinics of the hospitals. In Finland, the bulk of orthodontic services are organized by the municipal health centers. However, private orthodontic care is always an option. In municipal health centers, orthodontic care is free of charge up to the age of 18 years and for those older than 18 years, the costs are very reasonable. Those who use private services pay for the treatments themselves. The governmental social insurance company (KELA) provides only limited coverage for the costs of some defined cases treated in the private sector.

Any further information regarding the position of orthodontics in the country

The immigration of orthodontists from other (EU) countries has been rare.